Vestibular rehabilitation is a specialized form of physical therapy that is designed to help individuals with vestibular disorders or conditions that affect the inner ear and balance system. The goal of vestibular rehabilitation is to improve balance, reduce dizziness, and prevent falls.
Some of the conditions that may benefit from vestibular rehabilitation include:
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): BPPV is a condition that causes brief episodes of dizziness or vertigo, typically triggered by changes in head position. Vestibular rehabilitation can help to alleviate symptoms and reduce the frequency of episodes.
Vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis: These conditions are caused by inflammation of the inner ear and can cause vertigo, dizziness, and balance problems. Vestibular rehabilitation can help to improve balance and reduce symptoms.
Meniere's disease: Meniere's disease is a chronic condition that affects the inner ear and can cause vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing loss. Vestibular rehabilitation can help to manage symptoms and improve quality of life.
Concussion: Concussions can cause a variety of symptoms, including dizziness, balance problems, and headaches. Vestibular rehabilitation can help to address these symptoms and promote recovery.
Vestibular rehabilitation typically involves a combination of exercises and techniques designed to improve balance, strengthen the muscles that control eye movements, and promote habituation to certain movements or positions. Exercises may include balance training, gaze stabilization exercises, and habituation exercises, among others. Treatment plans are tailored to the individual's specific needs and may be adjusted as symptoms improve. With proper treatment and practice, many individuals with vestibular disorders are able to improve their balance, reduce symptoms, and regain their quality of life.